Can good worry ignite inquiry? Let’s find out.

It took me all of a second to answer award-winning author Patricia Newman when she asked if I would like to contribute to her highly effective and well-read blog, LitLinks. (See the post below.) I selected a post date in November, the perfect time to talk about animal adaptations to cold and how my worry led to action.  Who knew how cold the weather would get this winter and how much I needed to lean into my research findings?

LitLinks Logo-2022


As book creators and educators, we know that wonder is an ignitor for inquiry. But I posit that a different “W” can be an igniter, and maybe even a more impactful one: worry*

Carrie Pearson with A Warm Winter Tail
Published by Arbordale Publishing, illustrated by Christina Wald

I live in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, where winter comes early and lasts six (or more) months. For years after moving here, I worried about all the animals who couldn’t zip on a warmer coat or snuggle up next to a fireplace. Then, I realized if I learned more about animals’ adaptations to cold, maybe I’d quit worrying. It worked! Well, mostly. I still want to bring animals inside during an extended cold snap or a white-out blizzard. But now I understand regional species’ biological strategies for survival.

Good worry builds empathy muscles

My worry ignited research. My research led to writing a science-based manuscript. That manuscript resulted in an informational fiction picture book, A WARM WINTER TAIL (published by Arbordale, illustrated by Christina Wald).

*I don’t want anyone to promote worry – even little children have enough to go around. I am, however, advocating for concern as a spark for STEM inquiry. Concern builds the muscle of empathy, and empathy can encourage students to care about and protect our other-than-human world.

Does it feel risky to foster an educational environment where concerns are allowed to bubble up during discussions? You bet it does. But remember, worry without action is just worry. Worry that is named, acted on, and understood — or even solved with new knowledge — is power.

Good worry in the classroom

Tapping into feelings: Craft and structure

Before reading A WARM WINTER TAIL, explore the front and back cover and discuss how students feel when they look at the image of the mother fox and her kit. What season is it? How do we know? If readers could be part of the setting and touch the foxes’ fur, might it feel warm or cold? How do students feel about being out in the cold? Do they think the foxes might feel the same way? Why or why not? Open a discussion with students. Ask if they ever think about how animals survive outside when it is cold, and they are bundled up inside.

Snowball toss: Key ideas and details

Initiate an interactive read-aloud with A WARM WINTER TAIL. Generate a list of the main questions the text answers. Depending on the student’s age levels, some questions might be:

  • How do animals keep warm when it’s cold outside? (PreK-K)
  • How are their strategies like humans’, and how are they different? (K-2+)
  • Which animals in the book benefit from parental teaching? Explain how you know this. (K-2+)
  • Are animals’ body characteristics the same or different from their parents? In what ways? Explain how this might affect their ability to stay warm. (1+)
  • What body features help the animals in this book control their body temperatures? (1+)

Write each question on a separate piece of paper. Put students in groups equal to the number of inquiries generated, crumple the papers into snowballs and toss them around the room so each group has one. For independent readers, have each group open their snowball, read the main question, then find one supporting detail from the text that answers the question. Toss the snowballs so each group has a new one, and repeat.

One worry, three facts, and a fib: Integration of knowledge and ideas

After exploring A WARM WINTER TAIL as a group, have students write or draw one remaining worry or concern they might have about an animal in the book or about animals in cold weather. Then write three facts they learned from the book about animal adaptations, followed by one fib. Have them share their facts and fib with another student. The job of the other student is to figure out which statement is the fib.

What can be done with a worry?

Share the author’s reason (described above) for writing A WARM WINTER TAIL. Invite each student to share one worry with the goal of students contributing their feelings within an emotionally safe space. As a class, brainstorm what kind of information might help to solve or learn about each worry. For example,

  • read a book(s) about the topic
  • talk about the concern with an expert or someone who knows more about the topic
  • tap into other informational sources about the subject (internet, books, interviews with scientists, visiting a science center or other related organization)
  • explore habitats or locations related to the topic

Still worried about worry?

Explore Ruby Finds A Worry (Tom Percival, Bloomsbury Children’s Books, 2019)

Ruby finds a worry

“Meet Ruby — a happy, curious, imaginative young girl. But one day, she finds something unexpected: a Worry. It’s not such a big Worry, at first. But every day, it grows a little bigger . . . and a little bigger . . . . Until eventually, the Worry is ENORMOUS and is all she can think about. But when Ruby befriends a young boy, she discovers that everyone has worries, and not only that, there’s a great way to get rid of them too . . . she just has to share her feelings. This perceptive and poignant story is the perfect springboard for talking to children about emotions and anxieties.”

Next Generation Science Standards Alignment for A WARM WINTER TAIL

Grade Number Standard
1 E.ES.01.22 Describe and compare weather related to the four seasons in terms of temperature, cloud cover, precipitation, and wind.
1 E.ES.E.2 Weather changes from day to day and over the seasons.
1 L.HE.01.11 Observable Characteristics- Plants and animals share many, but not all, characteristics of their parents.
1 L.HE.01.11 Identify characteristics (for example, body coverings, beak shape, number of legs, and body parts) that are passed on from parents to young.
1 L.HE.01.12 Classify young animals based on characteristics that are passed on from parents (for example, dogs/puppies, cats/kittens, cows/calves, chicken/chicks).
2 L.HE.02.13 Identify characteristics of plants (for example, leaf shape, flower type, color, and size) that are passed on from parents to young.
2 L.HE.E.1 Observable Characteristics- Plants and animals share many, but not all, characteristics of their parents.
3 L.EV.03.12 characteristics and functions of observable body parts to the ability of animals to live in their environment (for example, sharp teeth, claws, color, and body covers).
3 L.EV.E.1 Different kinds of organisms have characteristics that help them to live in different environments.
3 L.OL.03.32 Identify and compare structures in animals used for controlling body temperature, support, movement, food-getting, and protection (for example, fur, wings, teeth, claws).
3 L.OL.E.3 Organisms have different structures that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction.
5 L.EV.05.11 Explain how animals’ behavioral characteristics (adaptation, instinct, learning, habit) help them survive in their environment.
5 L.EV.05.12 Describe the physical characteristics (traits) of organisms that help them survive in their environment.
5 L.HE.05.12 Distinguish between inherited and acquired traits.
5 L.HE.M.1 Inherited and Acquired Traits – The characteristics of organisms are influenced by heredity and environment. For some characteristics, inheritance is more important; for other characteristics, interactions with the environment are more important.

Carrie Pearson author photo

Carrie A. Pearson (BA, early childhood education, University of Michigan) is a full-time word wrangler and literacy advocate. She is the proud recipient of the 2019 Gwen Frostic Award for Literacy by the Michigan Reading Association. Carrie has served as a Regional Advisor for SCBWI-Michigan for almost a decade. Her “retirement” gig is as a member of the Steering Committee for the new SCBWI Impact & Legacy Fund, created to support the organization’s charitable activities and community purposes. Look for Carrie’s new nonfiction picture book releases in 2023: REAL PRINCESSES CHANGE THE WORLD (Roaring Brook/Macmillan), which is available for preorder now, and VIRGINIA WOULDN’T SLOW DOWN: THE UNSTOPPABLE DR. APGAR AND HER LIFE-SAVING INVENTION (Norton Young Readers/W.W. Norton). Carrie would love to connect with you through her website on Instagram at

Informational (Non-fiction) Back-To-School Books

Nonfiction children’s book author and thought leader, Melissa Stewart, shared the following post on Nerdy Book Club today and it blew my mind a little. Even though I am an informational/nonfiction book writer, my first ideas for back-to-school books are fiction. That’s crazy, right?

Melissa reminds us in this post that informational/nonfiction books play an important role in our children’s understanding of what it means to go to school. She provides three titles that can augment and enhance this theme. In the process, readers learn about communities outside of their own experiences and can begin to appreciate a broader world.

Check out the post and the books. And creators, what back-to-school or school-life experience might you bring to the table? Thanks, Melissa. My wheels are turning!

Want a Home Library But Don’t Have a Dedicated Room? 14 Tips from Book People

two blue chairs in a home libraryRedfin, the real estate brokerage company, reached out to see if a children’s book author might have an “expert tip” for their upcoming blog piece. Turns out, I did. But there are many more tips here. Take a look and zhuzh up that home library!

14 Expert Tips to Create a Functional Library in Any Space of Your Home

Guest Post: How Knowledge in the Field of Psychology Can Improve Your Writing

How Knowledge in the Field of Psychology Can Improve Your Writing

Credit: Pexels

Writers come from various backgrounds, heavily influencing their styles and techniques. However, the goal of writing remains the same: to connect to an audience. It requires more than just literary proficiency to achieve this; writers also need to have empathy and an understanding of people’s psychological states and motivations. This is especially true when reaching out to today’s audiences who are more in tune with their mental health and its implications.

While having a psychological background is not required to be an effective writer, there are many ways that the field of psychology can elevate your writing:

It can make you a better researcher

Plenty of research is required for writing, whether you’re composing a short story or a blog piece for your website. Psychologists often identify gaps in current research and review similar studies, which can be compared to how writers draw new insights from existing articles or stories to create something new. A review conducted by North-West University discusses various methods of conducting research heavily utilized in psychology. These can teach writers how to better conduct in-depth research and investigations on any given topic or issue. Whether you’re making observations or surveying others for information, knowing how to do it systematically can help you become a more effective writer.

It teaches you about interpersonal relationships

Human development is a complex branch of psychology that deals with social interactions and their effects on thoughts and behaviors. Psychology experts emphasize the huge impact of human, social, and cognitive growth on interpersonal and group relationships. As a SymptomFind write-up on empathy explains, writers can use this knowledge to better demonstrate emotions and their impact on people. As you grasp how characters might feel depending on their development and background, you can learn how to empathize with them as an author or writer. By looking at these relationships within the right context, writers can better produce work that captures aspects of behavior and the human experience. The result is more informed writing that resonates with its intended audience and achieves the desired objective, whether it’s to move, inform, persuade, or otherwise.

It can help you conduct better interviews

Occasionally, part of your research might involve having to conduct one-on-one interviews to collect data for your pieces. These are commonly utilized in psychology as well. It can be as easy as asking carefully chosen questions, but it is also important to have a clear objective so you can get the best responses possible. This will make your writing all the more effective if the interview is part of your process.

It’s best to first assess where the gaps in your knowledge are after reviewing the necessary literature, especially for nonfiction writers. That way, you can frame your questions to encourage responses that will fill those gaps at a more in-depth level. You can then gain more insight and meaning by creating additional questions that can lead to other ideas and points of discussion related to the topic. This can give your writing depth and nuance, which can make your story, article, or blog post all the more informed and effective. Author Nancy Castaldo’s books, for instance, show how effective research and analytical thinking can make a difference in good literature. Employing these skills post-interview can help you draw better conclusions and produce more effective pieces.

Submitted by Heaven Martel

Heaven Martel is a blogger with a passion for writing. She likes to explore the creative process behind writers and hopes her articles give her readers tips on how to be better writers themselves. In her free time, she loves to hike and read.

Want to Create a Storytime-Centric Book?

Today, Nerdy Book Club hosts children’s book author/illustrator Abi Cushman with Ten Ways to Make Storytime Interactive. The post is a great resource for librarians, educators, and caregivers. But let’s give it another look from a creator’s POV. Abi has also identified 10 strategies creators can implement to pull listeners into a story and increase active engagement. Here they are:

  1. Create a guessing game theme
  2. Add movement words
  3. Make it a sing-along
  4. Use repeated lines
  5. Drop in sound effects/onomatopoeia (I use this technique in STRETCH TO THE SUN: FROM A TINY SPROUT TO THE TALLEST TREE ON EARTH, and it really works to increase listener engagement!)
  6. Give a structure that students can mirror
  7. Provide a drawing prompt
  8. Create a storyline that begs questioning during the reading
  9. Be sure the whole book is interesting, not just the main content. Writers, make that backmatter carry its weight! Illustrators, how can endpapers and the case cover contribute to engagement?
  10. Be theatric — can you make your text work for a Readers Theater experience?

What can you add to this list? Share below!

In addition, Abi offers two or three mentor texts for each type of engagement, so you can compare and contrast them with your concept.

Pop on over to Nerdy Book Club to read Abi’s original post and much, much more. Then get crackin’ on that engagement! Let me know how it goes.

what are Hooks? and why does every manuscript need them?


​If you are struggling to describe your manuscript from a marketing perspective, check out this example.

Bookshop’s description (shown below) of The Elephants Come Home: A True Story of Seven Elephants, Two People, and One Extraordinary Friendship (by Kim Tomsic, Hadley Hooper, and Chronicle Books) highlights all the elements that will help sell this book.

These kinds of selling points, or hooks, are important for creators to identify and articulate in queries, cover letters, and discussions about our manuscripts.

Hooks are what a creator or agent will use to snag the right editor, what that editor will use to pitch to the acquisition team, what the acquisition team will pitch or provide to the sales/marketing team, and finally what booksellers will use to sell the book.

Of course, there will be revisions to the hooks along the way but if we can identify them early in the process, we will clearly position the manuscript and help the gatekeepers see where and why it will sell.

Extra credit: see if you can create at least FIVE hooks for your WIP. The example book is nonfiction but the same thinking applies to fiction. From Bookshop’s webpage for The Elephants Come Home with [my additions]:

Description: The amazing true story of a herd of elephants, the man who saved them, and the miracle of love that brought them home.
One day in 1999, Lawrence Anthony and Françoise Malby hear that a herd of wild African elephants needs a new home. They welcome the elephants to their wildlife sanctuary–Thula Thula–with open arms. But the elephants are much less sure they want to stay. How will Lawrence prove to them that they are safe and loved? What follows is a gorgeously illustrated real-life story of a friendship . . . and the story of the miraculous way that love given freely will return–greater and more wonderful than it began.

[HOOK ONE!] TOUCHING ANIMAL FRIENDSHIPS: Owen and Mzee, Tarra and Bella, Rescue and Jessica . . . touching true stories of the emotional bonds possible between species are charming, and speak to the limitlessness of love.

[HOOK TWO!] ELEPHANT APPEAL: Elephants are one of the most fascinating and charming wild animals in all of nature. This heartwarming true story will intrigue and inspire children, and turn even the most reluctant readers into elephant enthusiasts.

[HOOK THREE!] CONSERVATION THEME: This book tells the true story of caring for one of the world’s most beloved endangered animals: the African elephant. This book is a great, upbeat jumping-off point for discussions of the importance of preserving endangered species and their environments.

[HOOK FOUR!] ENGAGING NONFICTION: There’s no better way to get readers hooked on factual books than to offer them real-life stories with heart and meaning.

[HOOK FIVE!] STRONG CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS: The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) emphasize learning about animal habitats/biomes in K-2 curriculums, while later grades address topics like conservation and endangered species. With a depth of research and an engaging, highly visual narrative, this book is an excellent resource for librarians and primary school educators.

Perfect for:
– Kindergarten and elementary school teachers
– Parents and grandparents
– Librarians
– Lovers of animals, wildlife, and the natural world
– Zoo and natural history museumgoers


Hope this helps demystify hooks and gets you fired up to find yours!

It’s been a minute

Hi friends.

Since we’ve last connected here, we elected and installed a new president — despite unparalleled challenges to our democracy. Scientists created a vaccine with unprecedented efficacy to combat a deadly virus and deployment of that vaccine has begun.

And sadly, my sweet father passed away due to an unrelated disease.

Sometimes it seems we are battered from all sides and we wonder if we can keep moving forward. But I’m here to reaffirm the answer is YES. We can and we shall.

I’ve recommitted to my purpose of creating and sharing good books for children and to supporting creators and educators on their journeys.

​To help, I now own a spiffy new No Limits Planner created by two female entrepreneurs who I supported through Kickstarter. Highly recommend.

For me, recalibration often leads to recommitment. Are you with me? What have you recommitted to? Take a minute to jot it on a sticky note and put it where you’ll see it often. And share it below. I’d love to cheer you on.

2021 is here for all of us. Let’s see what we can do.​

how to create a Bitmoji workspace

Many teachers are creating a Bitmoji classroom or banner to welcome students into their virtual learning environment. I thought it would be fun to create one for my office. I’m hoping this will show some solidarity to teachers who are facing monumental challenges and be a fun opener for children to see when we start a school visit. I’ve shown it on my school visit page on my website, too.

Here are some basic directions. 
1. Open a blank google or PowerPoint slide. I used Google.
2. Create your background — you can download ‘labeled for reuse’ images of flooring, carpet, rugs, flowers, etc. or use pictures of your own space. I’ve done both. 
3. You’ll need to remove backgrounds from some images. I used
4. Create your emoji. To get your Bitmoji in Google Slides, download the Bitmoji Chrome extension. Then, click the Bitmoji icon on your browser bar, select the Bitmoji you want, and drag and drop it onto the slide. To get your Bitmoji in PowerPoint, click on the Chrome extension icon, right-click on the Bitmoji you want, and save it as an image — then you can insert that image into your PowerPoint slide. Very cool! To capture an emoji that is just your body, type ‘pose’ into the emoji search bar. 
5. Add elements that represent you in your space. Make it personal and fun! I added a link to my school visit page on my website, too.

I’d love to see your Bitmoji work spaces! Please share!

New book news: real princesses picture book

I’m so excited to share the news of this upcoming picture book that I am authoring. Expected to launch in late 2022, the book is an anthology of princesses living in our current times who are accomplishing surprising and important things. They are deploying their positions and communities to make new laws, help the environment, further women’s causes, change the status of women in their countries, advocate for children, engineer solutions for systemic problems and much, much more.

The book has been a journey — they all are, in my experience — and I will share more about this in coming weeks.

Today, let’s be excited that before long 14 new role models will be available for children to emulate and the princess narrative will be turned on its crown.

“our ability to fully participate as citizens is tied to literacy” by donalyn miller (repost)

Democracy is on all of our minds. And well it should be; this is a pivotal year for our country and our people.

Educator and author Donalyn Miller presents the case that because literacy is so important, it has been and is currently used as a weapon of discrimination and a strategy to maintain power.

Creators, our books for children are the perfect instruments to combat this.

I invite you to read Donalyn’s essay in SLJ and reflect on the ways your efforts and projects are positively impacting literacy development in children.

She offers a list of books as resources for educators. I’ve added a Michigan SCBWI member’s book, Equality’s Call authored by Deborah Diesen (yes, that Deborah Diesen author of the NYTimes bestselling Pout-Pout Fish series). Do you have books to add? Put them in the comments and I’ll expand the list.

Literacy = the ability to participate in democracy. That’s big, folks.

Books About Voting, Elections, and US Government

  • Drawing the Vote: An Illustrated Guide to Voting in America by Tommy Jenkins, illustrated by Kati Lacker (Abrams ComicArts)
  • Fault Lines in the Constitution: The Graphic Novel by Cynthia and Sanford Levinson, illustrated by Ally Shwed (First Second, September 2020)
  • Finish the Fight!: The Brave and Revolutionary Women Who Fought for the Right to Vote by Veronica Chambers and the Staff of the New York Times (Versify, August 2020)
  • History Smashers!: Women’s Right to Vote by Kate Messner, illustrated by Dylan Meconis (Random House, July 2020)
  • How Women Won the Right to Vote: Alice Paul, Lucy Burns, and Their Big Idea by Susan Campbell Bartoletti, illustrated by Ziyue Chen (HarperCollins)
  • I Voted! Making a Choice Means Making a Difference by Mark Shulman, illustrated by Serge Bloch (Neal Porter Books)
  • Lifting As We Climb: Black Women’s Battle for the Ballot Box by Evette Dionne (Viking Books for Young Readers)
  • One Person, No Vote: How Not All Voters Are Treated Equally (YA Edition) by Carol Anderson and Tonya Bolden (Bloomsbury YA)
  • Sbe Was the First! The Trailblazing Life of Shirley Chisholm by Katheryn Russell-Brown, illustrated by Eric Velasquez (Lee & Low, August 2020)
  • Stolen Justice: The Struggle for African-American Voting Rights by Lawrence Goldstone (Scholastic)
  • The Voting Booth by Brandy Colbert (Disney-Hyperion, July 2020)
  • V Is for Voting by Kate Farrell, illustrated by Caitlin Kuhwald (Henry Holt & Co., July 2020)
  • Vote for Our Future! (Schwartz & Wade) ​
  • Added by Carrie:
    Equality’s Call: The Story of Voting Rights in America By Deborah Diesen, illustrated by Magdalena Mora (Beach Lane Books, February 18, 2020)